One of the most alarming facts that have come to light recently involves the high incidence of heart disorders amongst a majority of the populace. This dramatic rise of heart-related diseases has led to the setting up of several specialist clinics across the nation, like that of Access Cardiology, and so on. According to the official website of the UN’s WHO, www.who.int, many people, irrespective of age and gender, are at risk of developing heart diseases that could end up being fatal if not checked and treated in time.
Often, heart diseases stalk its victims silently, making sure to leave no signs that indicates its presence. Many a time, the victim usually suffers a severe heart problem, like a cardiac arrest, and then finds out that the problem started several years ago. By then, the disease would be in an advanced stage, and the course of treatment may be complex. The treatment may even necessitate risky surgery in order to alleviate the problem. Is it then any wonder that heart diseases have been termed as the World’s Number 1 Silent Killer!
What Are The Different Types Of Heart Diseases?
Contrary to popular belief, not all heart disorders are the same. Even the intensity varies and stage of the disease may vary.
Some of the most common heart disorders are:
- Coronary Artery Disease- This occurs when coronary arteries get choked up with plaque, resulting in reduced blood flow.
- Arrhythmia- A fairly common problem, it manifests in the form of irregular heartbeats, which in turn affect the pumping capacity of the heart.
- Heart Attack- Also known scientifically as Myocardial Infarction, heart attacks are pretty scary and at times even fatal experiences. This usually occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood suddenly stops, thereby depriving the heart of oxygen.
- Congenital Heart Diseases- At times, even newborns may have heart disorders, like a hole, etc. This may remain unnoticed for a long time.
- Dilated Cardiomyopathy- This is a condition that affects the heart’s primary pumping chamber, the left ventricle. DCM occurs when this part of the heart becomes enlarged, and consequently weak, thereby affecting the pumping capability of the heart.
- Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy- Often deemed as the killer of athletes, this condition affects a part of the heart muscle, also called myocardium, leading it to become enlarged.
- Marfan Syndrome- A genetic disorder that manifests in the form of weakly formed connective tissue, MFS has the potential to damage the connective tissues found in the heart.
Valve Disorders- These disorders typically affect the valves of the heart. Often, this problem lies undetected till the heart valve ceases to function.
- Pericardial Effusion- This disorder causes the pericardial cavity to be filled with abnormal levels of fluid, resulting in excessive pressure on the heart. It could lead to heart damage.
- Heart Murmurs- By far the most innocent of heart diseases, heart murmurs tend to affect many people. However, they are quite harmless, even if they are a bit disconcerting. Heart murmurs need to be followed up as they may be caused by an underlying problem, like a damaged heart valve, etc.
Usually, adhering to a healthy lifestyle can prevent the occurrence of heart diseases. So, remember to exercise and eat healthy. Also, undergo regular checkups at nearby heart clinics.